Ground Access and Connectivity at Logan Airport
Logan Airport is a national leader in sustainable ground access and has successfully undertaken multiple strategies to increase both High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) travel and the proportion of its passengers and employees accessing the Airport via more sustainable modes. Enhancing access to the Airport via alternate modes has multiple benefits, among them: decreasing congestion, improving local air quality, reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and improving the Airport’s efficiency and economic impact.
High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Goals
Massport has a long-range goal to reduce reliance on travel to Logan in single occupancy vehicles. About 28% of all passenger/employee trips are in HOV, which include use of the MBTA’s Blue Line and Silver Line, Logan and other Express buses, private car services, shared rides and other shuttles.
Logan Express Bus Service
Massport provides frequent, scheduled, express coach bus service to Logan Airport for air passengers and Logan Airport employees from park-and-ride lots in Braintree, Framingham, Woburn, and Peabody. Full service bus terminals and secure parking are provided at all four locations. Logan Express is used by about 4 percent of Logan Airport’s air passengers, according to the 2013 Logan Airport Air Passenger Ground Access Survey.
The round-trip adult fare is $22; reduced fares are offered to seniors and children under the age of 12 ride free with an adult. To encourage greater ridership, a parking rate restructuring went into effect on March 1, 2012, which featured lower parking rates at $7 per day (from $11 per day) at Logan Express parking lots.
Back Bay Logan Express
Back Bay Logan Express service began running on April 28, 2014. The goals of the service were to provide an improved service to those transit riders impacted by the Government Station closure and to increase HOV mode use from the inner Boston area.
The MBTA provides direct connections to Logan Airport via the Blue Line at Airport Station and via the Silver Line to each of the terminals. According to the 2013 Logan Airport Air Passenger Ground Access Survey, these services are used by over 7 percent of Logan Airport’s air passengers (almost 17 percent of passengers with trip origins in Boston, Cambridge, Brookline, and Somerville used MBTA public transit to travel to the Airport). Both services are important for reducing automobile travel to the Airport: according to the survey, the majority of users of the Blue Line and Silver Line indicated that their alternative mode of travel to Logan Airport would have been a taxi or they would have been dropped off at the Airport by private vehicle.
Silver Line (SL1)
The Silver Line bus rapid transit service to Logan Airport provides a direct connection between South Station and the Airport terminals via the South Boston Transitway and the Ted William Tunnel. The introduction of free boardings of the Silver Line Airport buses (SL1) at Logan Airport has eliminated the need for fareboxes and has improved boarding times. Eight SL1 buses are owned by Massport and are operated by the MBTA with a Massport subsidy. The Silver Line is the only MBTA rapid transit service that provides a direct, one-seat connection to each Airport terminal.
Unified Busing System
With the opening of the Logan Rental Car Center (RCC) in September 2013, Massport began operation of a new Unified Busing System using a new fleet of clean buses at Boston Logan Airport. Diesel powered rental car buses were eliminated entirely from the airport roadway as bus traffic dropped from about 100 buses per hour to 28 fuel efficient, clean hybrid buses. As a result, shuttle bus vehicle miles have dropped by 65% with an accompanying 33% decline in airport-related emissions. The Unified Busing System shuttles all customers from the terminals to, the MBTA Blue Line station, the Rental Car Center, water shuttle, Economy Parking Garage and Back Bay Express.
Hybrid/Alternative Fuel Vehicle Preferred Parking
In the State’s first preferred parking program for hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), Massport began offering preferred parking for customers driving hybrid and AFVs in the spring of 2007. Massport provides designated parking spaces at Logan Airport’s Central Garage, Terminal B Garage, Terminal E surface lot, and Economy Parking.
Passengers traveling to Logan Airport in hybrid vehicles have preferred parking available.
Alternative Fueling Locations
Logan houses one of the largest CNG fueling stations in New England. For electric vehicles, there are charging stations located in the airport garages. In addition, there is an E85 tank and pump in the gas station at the airport to support “Flex-fuel” vehicles.
Hybrid Cabs Incentive
In cooperation with the City of Boston, Massport implemented an incentive program for CleanAir Cabs in the spring of 2007, providing head-of-line privileges to encourage the usage of low emission alternative fueled, mainly hybrid, vehicles for taxi service at Logan.
Employee Ground Transportation Initiatives
Airport employee transportation has different ground access considerations than passenger transportation. Airport employees often have non-traditional (and often unpredictable) working hours that are difficult to match to typical transit service hours. Due to the time-sensitive nature of airline operations, on-time reliability is important for employee transportation, as is flexibility during severe weather or other delays which may extend a typical employee workday or workshift. Massport strives to reduce the number of Airport employees commuting by private automobile, to enhance commuter options, and to reduce traffic and parking demands at Logan Airport. To help accomplish these objectives Massport continues to:
- Provide off-Airport employee parking in Chelsea, which is served by frequent shuttle bus service to the terminals (Route 77);
- Run free employee shuttle buses between Airport Station and employment areas in the SWSA and the SCA locations (Routes 44, 66, and Logan Office Center);
- Operate early morning and late night Logan Express bus trips for commuters.
- Support the Logan Transportation Management Association (TMA);
- Support the Sunrise Shuttle for early morning bus service from East Boston;
- Create and maintain a comprehensive sidewalk/walkway system on Logan Airport to facilitate pedestrian access; and Ground Access to and from Logan Airport.